Hydropower-to-environment water transfers in the Zambezi basin


In order to achieve the set goals, the project was divided into four work packages (research activities) each corresponding to a specific objective, shown in the schematic below.

The research of Power2Flow was carried out through PhD, MSc and Post Doctoral studies, and the following outputs have been realised so far.

Peer reviewed articles

  • Khan, O., Mwelwa-Mutekenya, E., Crosato, A., Zhou, Y., 2014. Effects of dam operation on downstream river morphology, the case of the Middle Zambezi River. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Water Management, 167(10), pp. 596–611, doi: 10.1680/wama.13.00122.
  • Gope, E.T., E.G.W. Sass-Klaassen, K. Irvine, L. Beevers and E.M.A. Hes, 2014. Effects of flow alteration on Apple-ring Acacia (Faidherbia albida) stands, Middle Zambezi floodplains, Zimbabwe. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1541
  • Fanaian, S., S. Graas, Y. Jiang and P. van der Zaag, 2015. An ecological economic assessment of flow regimes in a hydropower dominated river basin: The case of the Lower Zambezi river, Mozambique, Science of the Total Environment, 505, 464-473. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.10.033
  • Nyatsanza, F.F., S. Graas and P. van der Zaag, 2015.  The impact of dynamic environmental flow releases on hydropower production in the Zambezi river basin, Journal of American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), accepted.
  • Ncube, S., L. Beevers and E.M.A. Hes, 2012. The interactions of the flow regime and the terrestrial ecology of the Mana floodplains in the middle Zambezi river basin. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1335
  • Tilmant, A., L. Beevers, and B. Muyunda, 2010. Restoring a flow regime through the coordinated operation of a multireservoir system - The case of the Zambezi River Basin. Water Resources Research 46 (7), p. DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008897
  • Tilmant, A., W. Kinzelbach, D. Juizo, L. Beevers, D. Senn, and C. Casarotto, 2012. Economic Valuation of Benefits and Costs Associated with the Coordinated Development and Management of the Zambezi Basin. Water Policy 14, p. 490-508. doi:10.2166/wp.2011.189
  • Tilmant, A and W. Kinzelbach, 2012. The cost of noncooperation in international river basins. Water Resources Research, 48. doi:10.1029/2011WR011034

PhD theses proposal

  • Mwelwa, E., 2010. Flow, morphology and vegetation in the Middle Zambezi: a study of spatial and temporal scales. UNESCO-IHE.  
  • Nyatsanza, F.F., 2013. Policy instruments for environmental flows implementation in a reservoir dominated river basin: Case of the Zambezi

MSc theses

  • Ncube, S., 2011. The interactions of the flow regime and the terrestrial ecology of the Mana floodplains in the Middle Zambezi river basin. UNESCO-IHE
  • Ekandjo, 2011. Hydrological analysis of the Middle Zambezi and impacts of the operation of hydropower dams on flow regime in Mana Pools National Park. University of Zimbabwe
  • Nyatsanza, F.F., 2012. Reservoir operating policies for environmental flows in the Zambezi basin. UNESCO-IHE
  • Gope, E., 2012. Effects of flow alteration on Faidherbia albida stands of Middle Zambezi floodplains, Zimbabwe. UNESCO-IHE.
  • Mufwaya, C.K., 2012. Water balance simulation of Lake Kariba for improved reservoir storage estimation. University of Zimbabwe.
  • Kayira., C., 2012. Estimation of environmental flow requirements downstream of Itezhi Tezhi dam in Kafue river basin. University of Zimbabwe
  • Fanaian S., 2013. Valuing ecosystem services linked to river flows in Lower Zambezi basin, Mozambique. UNESCO-IHE
  • Khan, O., 2013. Effects of dam operations on the Mana floodplain forest in the Middle Zambezi - The role of flow regime, river morphology and groundwater. UNESCO-IHE.
  • Njati, S., 2014. Vulnerability of coastal mangroves in the Zambezi delta to hydrological alteriations. UNESCO-IHE.
  • Gochayi, L., 2015. Assessing Transboundary Data Sharing for Improving Water Resources Management - case study: Zambezi River Basin, Southern Africa. UNESCO-IHE.
  • In JOTC meeting (Joint Operational Technical Committee) of the Zambezi by Loreen Katiyo (Post-Doc 2) on her research and the P2F project, Feb 2012.
  • At Fresh Water Governance for Sustainable Development Symposium, South Africa, 2012: F.F. Nyatsanza, S. Graas and P. van der Zaag (2012), Reservoir operating policies for environmental flows of large dams in the Zambezi river basin.
  • At NCR days, 2013: E. Mwelwa-Mutekenya, A. Crosato, N. Wright and L. Beevers (2013), The application of SOBEK-Rural to unravel the complexity of the hydropower dominated transboundary Zambezi catchment. In: A. Crosato, 2013 (Ed.). NCR-Days 2013, Book of Abstracts, NCR Publication 37-2013, pp. 5-11 - 5-12.
  • At AFRIDELTAS conference, Tanzania, 2014: S. Njati, S. Graas and P. Paron, Vulnerability of coastal mangroves in the Zambezi Delta to hydrological alterations.